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NEW Extra Class Exam Question Pool

effective 7/01/2016 thru 6/29/2020

Click to see the questions:

Topic 2016-E1: Commission’s Rules
2016-E1A: Operating Standards: frequency privileges; emission standards; automatic message forwarding; frequency sharing; stations aboard ships or aircraft
2016-E1B: Station restrictions and special operations: restrictions on station location; general operating restrictions, spurious emissions, control operator reimbursement; antenna structure restrictions; RACES operations; national quiet zone
2016-E1C: Definitions and restrictions pertaining to local, automatic and remote control operation; control operator responsibilities for remote and automatically controlled stations; IARP and CEPT licenses; third party communications over automatically controlled stations
2016-E1D: Amateur satellites: definitions and purpose; license requirements for space stations; available frequencies and bands; telecommand and telemetry operations; restrictions, and special provisions; notification requirements
2016-E1E: Volunteer examiner program: definitions; qualifications; preparation and administration of exams; accreditation; question pools; documentation requirements
2016-E1F: Miscellaneous rules: external RF power amplifiers; business communications; compensated communications; spread spectrum; auxiliary stations; reciprocal operating privileges; special temporary authority
Topic 2016-E2: Operating Procedures
2016-E2A: Amateur radio in space: amateur satellites; orbital mechanics; frequencies and modes; satellite hardware; satellite operations; experimental telemetry applications
2016-E2B: Television practices: fast scan television standards and techniques; slow scan television standards and techniques
2016-E2C: Operating methods: contest and DX operating; remote operation techniques; Cabrillo format; QSLing; RF network connected systems
2016-E2D: Operating methods: VHF and UHF digital modes and procedures; APRS; EME procedures, meteor scatter procedures
2016-E2E: Operating methods: operating HF digital modes
Topic 2016-E3: Radio Wave Propagation
2016-E3A: Electromagnetic waves; Earth-Moon-Earth communications; meteor scatter; microwave tropospheric and scatter propagation; aurora propagation
2016-E3B: Transequatorial propagation; long path; gray-line; multi-path; ordinary and extraordinary waves; chordal hop, sporadic E mechanisms
2016-E3C: Radio-path horizon; less common propagation modes; propagation prediction techniques and modeling; space weather parameters and amateur radio
Topic 2016-E4: Amateur Practices
2016-E4A: Test equipment: analog and digital instruments; spectrum and network analyzers, antenna analyzers; oscilloscopes; RF measurements; computer aided measurements
2016-E4B: Measurement technique and limitations: instrument accuracy and performance limitations; probes; techniques to minimize errors; measurement of "Q"; instrument calibration; S parameters; vector network analyzers
2016-E4C: Receiver performance characteristics, phase noise, noise floor, image rejection, MDS, signal-to-noise-ratio; selectivity; effects of SDR receiver non-linearity
2016-E4D: Receiver performance characteristics: blocking dynamic range; intermodulation and cross-modulation interference; 3rd order intercept; desensitization; preselector
2016-E4E: Noise suppression: system noise; electrical appliance noise; line noise; locating noise sources; DSP noise reduction; noise blankers; grounding for signals
Topic 2016-E5: Electrical Principles
2016-E5A: Resonance and Q: characteristics of resonant circuits: series and parallel resonance; definitions and effects of Q; half-power bandwidth; phase relationships in reactive circuits
2016-E5B: Time constants and phase relationships: RLC time constants; definition; time constants in RL and RC circuits; phase angle between voltage and current; phase angles of series RLC; phase angle of inductance vs susceptance; admittance and susceptance
2016-E5C: Coordinate systems and phasors in electronics: Rectangular Coordinates; Polar Coordinates; Phasors
2016-E5D: AC and RF energy in real circuits: skin effect; electrostatic and electromagnetic fields; reactive power; power factor; electrical length of conductors at UHF and microwave frequencies
Topic 2016-E6: Circuit Components
2016-E6A: Semiconductor materials and devices: semiconductor materials; germanium, silicon, P-type, N-type; transistor types: NPN, PNP, junction, field-effect transistors: enhancement mode; depletion mode; MOS; CMOS; N-channel; P-channel
2016-E6B: Diodes
2016-E6C: Digital ICs: Families of digital ICs; gates; Programmable Logic Devices (PLDs)
2016-E6D: Toroidal and Solenoidal Inductors: permeability, core material, selecting, winding; transformers; Piezoelectric devices
2016-E6E: Analog ICs: MMICs, CCDs, Device packages
2016-E6F: Optical components: photoconductive principles and effects, photovoltaic systems, optical couplers, optical sensors, and optoisolators; LCDs
Topic 2016-E7: Practical Circuits
2016-E7A: Digital circuits: digital circuit principles and logic circuits: classes of logic elements; positive and negative logic; frequency dividers; truth tables
2016-E7B: Amplifiers: Class of operation; vacuum tube and solid-state circuits; distortion and intermodulation; spurious and parasitic suppression; microwave amplifiers; switching-type amplifiers
2016-E7C: Filters and matching networks: types of networks; types of filters; filter applications; filter characteristics; impedance matching; DSP filtering
2016-E7D: Power supplies and voltage regulators; Solar array charge controllers
2016-E7E: Modulation and demodulation: reactance, phase and balanced modulators; detectors; mixer stages
2016-E7F: DSP filtering and other operations; Software Defined Radio Fundamentals; DSP modulation and demodulation
2016-E7G: Active filters and op-amp circuits: active audio filters; characteristics; basic circuit design; operational amplifiers
2016-E7H: Oscillators and signal sources: types of oscillators; synthesizers and phase-locked loops; direct digital synthesizers; stabilizing thermal drift; microphonics; high accuracy oscillators
Topic 2016-E8: Signals and Emissions
2016-E8A: AC waveforms: sine, square, sawtooth and irregular waveforms; AC measurements; average and PEP of RF signals; Fourier analysis; Analog to digital conversion: Digital to Analog conversion
2016-E8B: Modulation and demodulation: modulation methods; modulation index and deviation ratio; frequency and time division multiplexing; Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
2016-E8C: Digital signals: digital communication modes; information rate vs bandwidth; error correction
2016-E8D: Keying defects and overmodulation of digital signals; digital codes; spread spectrum
Topic 2016-E9: Antennas and Transmission Lines
2016-E9A: Basic Antenna parameters: radiation resistance, gain, beamwidth, efficiency, beamwidth; effective radiated power, polarization
2016-E9B: Antenna patterns: E and H plane patterns; gain as a function of pattern; antenna design
2016-E9C: Wire and phased array antennas: rhombic antennas; effects of ground reflections; e-off angles; Practical wire antennas: Zepps, OCFD, loops
2016-E9D: Directional antennas: gain; Yagi Antennas; losses; SWR bandwidth; antenna efficiency; shortened and mobile antennas; RF Grounding
2016-E9E: Matching: matching antennas to feed lines; phasing lines; power dividers
2016-E9F: Transmission lines: characteristics of open and shorted feed lines; 1/8 wavelength; 1/4 wavelength; 1/2 wavelength; feed lines: coax versus open-wire; velocity factor; electrical length; coaxial cable dielectrics; velocity factor
2016-E9G: The Smith chart
2016-E9H: Receiving Antennas: radio direction finding antennas; Beverage Antennas; specialized receiving antennas; longwire receiving antennas
Topic 2016-E0: Safety
2016-E0A: Safety: amateur radio safety practices; RF radiation hazards; hazardous materials; grounding
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